The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, has decided to award the Nobel Prize in physics for 2010 to Andre Geim, University of Manchester, UK and Konstantin Novoselov, University of Manchester, UK 'for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene.'
This year's laureates have been working together for a long time now. Konstantin Novoselov, 36, first worked with Andre Geim, 51, as a PhD-student in the Netherlands. He subsequently followed Geim to the United Kingdom. Both of them originally studied and began their careers as physicists in Russia. Now they are both professors at the University of Manchester.
Last year, the prize in physics went one half to Charles K. Kao, Standard Telecommunication Laboratories, Harlow, UK, and Chinese University of Hong Kong 'for groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication' and the other half jointly to Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, USA 'for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit - the CCD sensor.'
In 2008, the prize in physics went one half to Yoichiro Nambu, Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, IL, USA 'for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics' and the other half jointly to Makoto Kobayashi, High Energy Accelerator Research Organisation (KEK), Tsukuba, Japan and Toshihide Maskawa, Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics (YITP), Kyoto University, Japan 'for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature.'
The Nobel Prizes are awarded for physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, peace, and economics. The first five prizes were instituted by the Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel through his will in 1895. With the exception of the peace prize, which is handed out in Oslo, they are all handed out in Stockholm at an annual ceremony on 10 December.